A short view on signs and symptoms of autism

In both kids and adults, the signs and symptoms of the autism in Singapore spectrum disorders include issues with social interaction, communication, and restricted activities and interests. However, there are huge variations when it comes to the severity of the symptoms, their combinations, and therefore the patterns of behavior.

Keep in mind that just because our kid contains a few autism-like symptoms, it does not mean he or she has a syndrome spectrum disorder. The autism spectrum disorders are diagnosed based on the presence of multiple symptoms that disrupt our child’s ability to speak, form relationships, explore, play, and learn. We present issues with social skills separately from issues with speech and language, to make it easier for parents to quickly determine symptoms.

Social skills

Basic social interaction can be tough for kids with autism spectrum disorders. Symptoms might include:

  • Unusual or improper body language, gestures, and facial expressions (e.g. avoiding eye contact or using facial expressions that do not match what he or she is saying)
  • Lack of curiosity in others or in sharing interests or achievements (e.g. showing a drawing to us, pointing to a bird)
  • Unlikely to approach others or to pursue social interaction; comes across as upstage and detached; prefers to be alone
  • Difficulty understanding different people’s feelings, reactions, and nonverbal cues
  • Resistance to being touched
  • Difficulty or failure to form friends with kids the same age

Speech and language

Many kids with autism spectrum disorders struggle with speech and language comprehension. Symptoms might include:

  • Delay in learning the way to speak (after the age of two) or doesn’t speak at all
  • Speaking in an abnormal tone of voice, or with an odd rhythm or pitch
  • Repeating terms or phrases over and over without communicative intent
  • Trouble beginning a conversation or keeping it going
  • Difficulty communicating desires or needs
  • Does not perceive easy statements or queries
  • Taking what is said to virtually, missing humor, irony, and sarcasm

Restricted behavior and play

Children with autism spectrum disorders are usually restricted, rigid, and even obsessive in their behaviors, activities, and interests. Symptoms might include:

  • Repetitive body movements (hand fluttering, rocking, spinning); moving constantly
  • Obsessive attachment to uncommon objects (rubber bands, keys, light switches)
  • A strong need for sameness, order, and routines (e.g. lines up toys, follows a rigid schedule). Gets upset by modification in their routine or surroundings
  • Clumsiness, abnormal posture
  • Hyper- or hypo reactive to sensory input (e.g. reacts poorly to certain sounds or textures, apparent indifference to temperature or pain)

If you are looking for ABA Therapy in Singapore, click here.