What is Green Wall?
A green wall is also called as ‘living walls’ or ‘vertical walls’ or ‘vertical gardens’ or ‘living green walls’. They are either completely or partially covered by greenery plants and soil substances. The first Green wall successfully implemented by Patrick Blanc, a botanist together with architect Adrien Fainsilber and engineer Peter Rice in the year 1986. It helps to find the difference between ‘green facades’ and ‘green walls’. Green walls can be placed in both indoor and outdoor, it can be independent or attached to an already existing wall and it comes in a variety of sizes. While the green facades have soil only in the bottom base of the wall to create the green or vegetated facade. Most of the Green walls have an integrated water delivery system with it. Nowadays, the latest trend is the green wall in Singapore, because of its green design. Not only houses but many businesses and hospitals are also gaining its attention to develop their architecture with green environment.
Benefits of Green Walls:
- Green walls remove heat from the air, reduces temperatures of the walls and the surrounding by at least 3-5`C compared to actual temperature.
- It also helps to create a natural habitat for more range of plants and insects.
- It helps one psychologically by creating a calm ambiance which can relieve the stress and makes the heart calm and peaceful.
- It can filter the carbon-di-oxide and pollutants in the air and water and makes the surrounding fresh and clean by improving the air quality.
- Reduces the noise and heat around the surrounding.
- It can also provide alternative food source but it depends on what we are planting.
- This vertical green wall helps in the development of urban farming systems which allows you to grow own choice of plants and vegetables according to your comfort.
- It helps in food production and food security which gives us some self-sufficiency.
- It also increases the property value as it gives a luxury real estate value to the building.
Green walls in Singapore:
In the year 2016, Singapore ranked second in the world for green buildings. The Government encourages green buildings and vertical green walls in Singapore due to an overall rise in environmental concerns. Some of the projects which include vertical green walls in Singapore are as follows.
- Gardens by the Bay, Cloud Forest Conservatory’s Cloud Mountain has the structurally strong green walls which would last for last for years to come without falling apart.
- Singapore’s Institute of Technical Education’s College Central has the green walls in the form of living barriers that protect the west-facing walls of the campus blocks from the intense sun.
- Singapore Changi Airport Terminal 3 Green wall helps to maintain the internal temperature of the terminal with the occasional misting. It won the 2009 Honor Award from ASLA for its green-friendly interior.
- The planted green walls in the Orchard Central Mall complement and create the atmosphere as well as cool the areas immediately adjacent to the walls. This won the Sky rise Greenery Awards in 2009 for its greening effects.
There are many companies which are working in the vertical green wall in Singapore. They have been contributing continuously to make Singapore into a Tropical Garden city.